Posts Tagged ‘marine biology’

I originally had two features for this post, but I decided to turn one into a future Science Lesson and elaborate on the other.  My friend Kyatto posted an Indiegogo for a documentary called Popoto: The Race to Save a Species.  It’s about the efforts to keep the world’s smallest dolphin, the Maui’s dolphin, from becoming extinct. There are only three days left to donate! 

One of the key players featured in the film is Peggy Oki, one of the original Zephyr skateboard team members. Her involvement in cetacean rights is not limited to Popoto.  She has founded the Origami Whales Project and is coordinating the “Let’s Face It” visual petition.  The latter focuses on raising awareness of the dire circumstances surrounding the survival of the Maui’s and Hector’s dolphin.  You can contribute a photo to the visual petition on the website (it’s not compatible with Mozilla Firefox though).  Here’s my picture:
let's face it photo letsfaceit_zpsce91f2a4.jpg

The site features Peggy alongside some of her fellow Z-Boys and celebrities like Slash and Juliette Lewis. Dave “Rasta” Rastovich, co-founder of Surfers for Cetaceans, is also in the gallery.  He and Peggy have teamed up to talk about the Maui’s dolphin.

Recently the web has been buzzing about bioluminescent waves in San Diego. This isn’t their first appearance in So Cal, and it won’t be their last. While they may not be rare, they do give an Otherworldly touch to surf footage. Check out this video from Man’s Best Media:

What’s responsible for the neon blue glow? In the ocean, there are these tiny organisms called dinoflagellates. Neither plant nor animal, dinoflagellates are protists comprised of a single cell with two appendages called flagella that they whirl around to propel them across the surface of the ocean. In fact their name comes from the Greek word for “whirling” (dinos) and the Latin for “whip” (flagellum). The species of dinoflagellate that causes the bioluminescent waves in So Cal is Lingulodinium polyedrum.

Lingulodinium polyedrum at night. From Hastings lab

When a dinoflagellate population explodes as a result of increased nutrients in the water and optimized growing conditions, it causes an algal bloom, also known as a “red tide” for the color that it changes the water. Not all blooms are red nor are they associated with the tide. Algal blooms can deplete the oxygen in the water, and certain dinoflagellates produce neurotoxins that kill fish and end up in the shellfish we eat. L. polyedrum was found to contain toxins, but the fact that surfers and beach-goers have no effect from the being in the water suggests that the toxins are at a low concentration.

Bioluminescent dinoflagellates can produce short flashes of light or a sustained glow in response to being disturbed by waves, boats, or predators. When a dinoflagellate sense a disturbance along its cellular membrane, the pH inside the cell drops, causing particles called scintillons to trigger a chemical reaction that produces the bioluminescence. The blueish-white areas in the picture of L. polyedrum above are the scintillons emitting light (the red is from chlorophyll). The flashes of light are used to distracts creatures that feed on dinoflagellates and attracts the attention of bigger predators. Not a bad defense mechanism for a single-celled organism, right?